نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 استادیار گروه مدیریت و علوم اجتماعی/ پژوهشگاه نیرو/ تهران / ایران
2 مدرس و پژوهشگر رسانه
3 دکتری جامعه شناسی، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران.
4 دکتری مکانیک، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
In this study, to evaluate the position of renewable electricity in Iran, the method of Laclau and Mouffe discourse analysis has been used. The results of this study are derived from the discourse analysis of 131 sample texts including news, interviews and reports containing quotations from officials or experts in the field of energy in Iran. The results of our analysis showed that among the three main competing discourses naming fossil electricity discourse, renewable electricity discourse and nuclear electricity discourse, there is an obvious conflict between the two discourses of "fossil electricity" and "renewable electricity". The discourse of fossil electricity, which has the mission of "supplying the country with energy", is considered "insider" and has become hegemonic as "suitable electricity for Iran". The nuclear energy discourse also has a special supportdue to its strategic importance. Thus, the two fossil and nuclear discourses have eliminated the renewable electricity discourse and turned it into the "other" of electricity generation in Iran.
In order to strengthen the discourse of renewable energy in Iran, we need to try to improve the status of this energy through the expansion of dialogue, community participation and social consensus. For this purpose, criticism of discriminatory support policies for fossil power generation and its problems, including environmental pollution, should be given serious attention.